Skip to content. | Skip to navigation

 
Central Intelligence Agency
The Work of a Nation. The Center of Intelligence
World Factbook Title
navigation arrows
View Text Low Bandwidth Version Download Publication
Africa :: Malawi
page last updated on October 31, 2011
Flag of Malawi
(CONTAINS DESCRIPTION)
Location of Malawi
Click flag or map to enlarge Opens in New Window
 
Map of Malawi
Click map to enlarge Opens in New Window
No Photos available for Malawi
 
no photos available of Malawi
Expand All | collapse All
Introduction ::Malawi
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Established in 1891, the British protectorate of Nyasaland became the independent nation of Malawi in 1964. After three decades of one-party rule under President Hastings Kamuzu BANDA the country held multiparty elections in 1994, under a provisional constitution that came into full effect the following year. Current President Bingu wa MUTHARIKA, elected in May 2004 after a failed attempt by the previous president to amend the constitution to permit another term, struggled to assert his authority against his predecessor and subsequently started his own party, the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) in 2005. As president, MUTHARIKA has overseen some economic improvement. Population growth, increasing pressure on agricultural lands, corruption, and the spread of HIV/AIDS pose major problems for Malawi. MUTHARIKA was reelected to a second term in May 2009.
Back to Top
Geography ::Malawi
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Southern Africa, east of Zambia, west and north of Mozambique
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
13 30 S, 34 00 E
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 118,484 sq km
country comparison to the world: 100
land: 94,080 sq km
water: 24,404 sq km
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
slightly smaller than Pennsylvania
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 2,881 km
border countries: Mozambique 1,569 km, Tanzania 475 km, Zambia 837 km
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 km (landlocked)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
none (landlocked)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
sub-tropical; rainy season (November to May); dry season (May to November)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
narrow elongated plateau with rolling plains, rounded hills, some mountains
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest point: junction of the Shire River and international boundary with Mozambique 37 m
highest point: Sapitwa (Mount Mlanje) 3,002 m
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
limestone, arable land, hydropower, unexploited deposits of uranium, coal, and bauxite
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
arable land: 20.68%
permanent crops: 1.18%
other: 78.14% (2005)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
590 sq km (2008)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
17.3 cu km (2001)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 1.01 cu km/yr (15%/5%/80%)
per capita: 78 cu m/yr (2000)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
deforestation; land degradation; water pollution from agricultural runoff, sewage, industrial wastes; siltation of spawning grounds endangers fish populations
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
landlocked; Lake Nyasa, some 580 km long, is the country's most prominent physical feature
Back to Top
People and Society ::Malawi
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
noun: Malawian(s)
adjective: Malawian
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Chewa 32.6%, Lomwe 17.6%, Yao 13.5%, Ngoni 11.5%, Tumbuka 8.8%, Nyanja 5.8%, Sena 3.6%, Tonga 2.1%, Ngonde 1%, other 3.5% (2008 census)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Chichewa (official) 57.2%, Chinyanja 12.8%, Chiyao 10.1%, Chitumbuka 9.5%, Chisena 2.7%, Chilomwe 2.4%, Chitonga 1.7%, other 3.6% (1998 census)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Christian 82.7%, Muslim 13%, other 1.9%, none 2.5% (2008 census)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
15,879,252 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 63
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0-14 years: 45.1% (male 3,586,696/female 3,571,298)
15-64 years: 52.2% (male 4,140,874/female 4,155,015)
65 years and over: 2.7% (male 182,304/female 243,065) (2011 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 17.2 years
male: 17.1 years
female: 17.4 years (2011 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.763% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 17
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
40.85 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 10
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
13.22 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 21
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 98
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
urban population: 20% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 5.3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Blantyre 856,000; LILONGWE (capital) 821,000 (2009)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
at birth: 1.015 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
510 deaths/100,000 live births (2008)
country comparison to the world: 27
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 81.04 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 12
male: 85.11 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 76.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total population: 51.7 years
country comparison to the world: 210
male: 50.93 years
female: 52.48 years (2011 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
5.43 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 12
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
4.8% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 141
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0.019 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
country comparison to the world: 189
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.1 beds/1,000 population (2007)
country comparison to the world: 143
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
improved:
urban: 95% of population
rural: 77% of population
total: 80% of population
unimproved:
urban: 5% of population
rural: 23% of population
total: 20% of population (2008)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
improved:
urban: 51% of population
rural: 57% of population
total: 56% of population
unimproved:
urban: 49% of population
rural: 43% of population
total: 44% of population (2008)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
11% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 9
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
920,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 12
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
51,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 9
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and plague
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2009)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
15.5% (2006)
country comparison to the world: 53
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
4.2% of GDP (2003)
country comparison to the world: 97
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 62.7%
male: 76.1%
female: 49.8% (2003 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 9 years
male: 9 years
female: 9 years (2007)
Back to Top
Government ::Malawi
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
conventional long form: Republic of Malawi
conventional short form: Malawi
local long form: Dziko la Malawi
local short form: Malawi
former: British Central African Protectorate, Nyasaland Protectorate, Nyasaland
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
multiparty democracy
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
name: Lilongwe
geographic coordinates: 13 59 S, 33 47 E
time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
28 districts; Balaka, Blantyre, Chikwawa, Chiradzulu, Chitipa, Dedza, Dowa, Karonga, Kasungu, Likoma, Lilongwe, Machinga (Kasupe), Mangochi, Mchinji, Mulanje, Mwanza, Mzimba, Neno, Ntcheu, Nkhata Bay, Nkhotakota, Nsanje, Ntchisi, Phalombe, Rumphi, Salima, Thyolo, Zomba
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
6 July 1964 (from the UK)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Independence Day (Republic Day), 6 July (1964)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
18 May 1994
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
mixed legal system of English common law and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court of Appeal
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
18 years of age; universal
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of state: President Bingu wa MUTHARIKA (since 24 May 2004); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
head of government: President Bingu wa MUTHARIKA (since 24 May 2004)
cabinet: 46-member Cabinet named by the president
(For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 19 May 2009 (next to be held in May 2014)
election results: Bingu wa MUTHARIKA elected president; percent of vote - Bingu wa MUTHARIKA 66%, John TEMBO 30.7%, other 3.3%
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
unicameral National Assembly (193 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: last held on 19 May 2009 (next to be held in May 2014)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - DPP 114, MCP 26, UDF 17, independents 32, other 4
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Supreme Court of Appeal; High Court (chief justice appointed by the president, puisne judges appointed on the advice of the Judicial Service Commission); magistrate's courts
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Alliance for Democracy or AFORD [Dindi NYASULU]; Congress of Democrats or CODE [Ralph KASAMBARA]; Democratic Progressive Party or DPP [Bingu wa MUTHARIKA]; Malawi Congress Party or MCP [John TEMBO]; Malawi Democratic Party or MDP [Kampelo KALUA]; Malawi Forum for Unity and Development or MAFUNDE [George MNESA]; Maravi People's Party [Uladi MUSSA]; National Unity Party or NUP [Harry CHIUME]; New Rainbow Coalition Party [Beatrice MWALE]; New Republican Party [Gwanda CHAKUWAMBA]; People's Progressive Movement or PPM [Aleke BANDA]; People's Transformation Movement or PETRA [Kamuzu CHIBAMBO]; Republican Party or RP [Stanley MASAULI]; United Democratic Front or UDF [Bakili MULUZI]; United Democratic Party [Kenedy KALAMBO]
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Agri-Ecology Media (agriculture and environmental group); Council for NGOs in Malawi or CONGOMA (human rights, democracy, and development); Human Rights Consultative Committee or HRCC (human rights); Malawi Law Society (human rights and law reform); Malawi Movement for the Restoration of Democracy or MMRD (acts to restore and maintain democracy); Public Affairs Committee or PAC (promotes democracy, development, peace and unity)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
ACP, AfDB, AU, C, COMESA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, MONUSCO, NAM, OPCW, SADC, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of mission: Ambassador Stephen D. Tennyson MATENJE
chancery: 2408 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: [1] (202) 721-0270
FAX: [1] (202) 721-0288
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of mission: Ambassador Jeanine E. JACKSON
embassy: 16 Jomo Kenyatta Road, Lilongwe 3
mailing address: P. O. Box 30016, Lilongwe 3, Malawi
telephone: [265] (1) 773 166
FAX: [265] (1) 770 471
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
three equal horizontal bands of red (top), black, and green; a white sun disc is centered on the black band, its surrounding 45 white rays extend partially into the red and green bands; black represents the native peoples, red the blood shed in their struggle for freedom, and green the color of nature; the sun represents Malawi's economic progress since attaining independence
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
name: "Mulungu dalitsa Malawi" (Oh God Bless Our Land of Malawi)
lyrics/music: Michael-Fredrick Paul SAUKA
note: adopted 1964
Back to Top
Economy ::Malawi
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Landlocked Malawi ranks among the world's most densely populated and least developed countries. The economy is predominately agricultural with about 80% of the population living in rural areas. Agriculture, which has benefited from fertilizer subsidies since 2006, accounts for more than one-third of GDP and 90% of export revenues. The performance of the tobacco sector is key to short-term growth as tobacco accounts for more than half of exports. The economy depends on substantial inflows of economic assistance from the IMF, the World Bank, and individual donor nations. In 2006, Malawi was approved for relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) program. In December 2007, the US granted Malawi eligibility status to receive financial support within the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) initiative. The government faces many challenges including developing a market economy, improving educational facilities, facing up to environmental problems, dealing with the rapidly growing problem of HIV/AIDS, and satisfying foreign donors that fiscal discipline is being tightened. Since 2005 President MUTHARIKA'S government has exhibited improved financial discipline under the guidance of Finance Minister Goodall GONDWE and signed a three year Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility worth $56 million with the IMF. Improved relations with the IMF lead other international donors to resume aid as well. The government has announced infrastructure projects that could yield improvements, such as a new oil pipeline, for better fuel access, and the potential for a waterway link through Mozambican rivers to the ocean, for better transportation options. Since 2009, however, Malawi has experienced some setbacks, including a general shortage of foreign exchange, which has damaged its ability to pay for imports, and fuel shortages that hinder transportation and productivity. Investment fell 23% in 2009, and continued to decline in 2010. The government has failed to address barriers to investment such as unreliable power, water shortages, poor telecommunications infrastructure, and the high costs of services.
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$12.98 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 140
$12.18 billion (2009 est.)
$11.32 billion (2008 est.)
note: data are in 2010 US dollars
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$5.053 billion (2010 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
6.6% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 42
7.6% (2009 est.)
8.6% (2008 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$800 (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 219
$800 (2009 est.)
$800 (2008 est.)
note: data are in 2010 US dollars
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
agriculture: 30.6%
industry: 16.6%
services: 52.9% (2010 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
5.747 million (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 66
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
agriculture: 90%
industry and services: 10% (2003 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA%
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
53% (2004)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest 10%: 3%
highest 10%: 31.9% (2004)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
39 (2004)
country comparison to the world: 69
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
27.2% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 33
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
revenues: $1.748 billion
expenditures: $1.782 billion (2010 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
34.6% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 62
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
-0.7% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 55
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
39.3% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 72
43.3% of GDP (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
7.4% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 182
8.4% (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
15% (31 December 2009)
country comparison to the world: 15
15% (31 December 2008)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
24.63% (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 10
25.25% (31 December 2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$626.5 million (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 154
$580.3 million (31 December 2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$1.434 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 149
$1.233 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$1.707 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 138
$1.473 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$1.363 billion (31 December 2010)
country comparison to the world: 99
$1.383 billion (31 December 2009)
$1.771 billion (31 December 2008)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
tobacco, sugarcane, cotton, tea, corn, potatoes, cassava (tapioca), sorghum, pulses, groundnuts, Macadamia nuts; cattle, goats
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
tobacco, tea, sugar, sawmill products, cement, consumer goods
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
11.8% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 19
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.676 billion kWh (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 138
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.559 billion kWh (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 142
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 kWh (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 kWh (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 174
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
8,000 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 158
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 188
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
7,124 bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 147
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 bbl (1 January 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 161
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 94
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 166
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 139
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 87
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (1 January 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 203
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
-$502 million (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 113
-$317.5 million (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$990.1 million (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 153
$912.4 million (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
tobacco 53%, tea, sugar, cotton, coffee, peanuts, wood products, apparel
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
India 10.4%, Germany 9.7%, South Africa 7.5%, Russia 7.4%, Zimbabwe 7.4%, Canada 6.4%, US 6.3%, Netherlands 4.7% (2010)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$1.656 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 160
$1.544 billion (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
food, petroleum products, semi-manufactures, consumer goods, transportation equipment
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
South Africa 41.4%, Zambia 7.8%, India 7.5%, China 6.1%, Tanzania 5%, France 4.4%, Mozambique 4.2% (2010)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$280.1 million (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 150
$163.4 million (31 December 2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$1.234 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 147
$1.115 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$NA
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$NA
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Malawian kwachas (MWK) per US dollar -
151.65 (2010)
141.14 (2009)
142.41 (2008)
141.12 (2007)
135.96 (2006)
Back to Top
Communications ::Malawi
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
175,000 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 130
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.4 million (2009)
country comparison to the world: 126
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
general assessment: rudimentary; privatization of Malawi Telecommunications (MTL), a necessary step in bringing improvement to telecommunications services, completed in 2006
domestic: limited fixed-line subscribership of about 1 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular services are expanding but network coverage is limited and is based around the main urban areas; mobile-cellular subscribership about 15 per 100 persons
international: country code - 265; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Indian Ocean, 1 Atlantic Ocean) (2009)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
radio is the main broadcast medium; state-run radio has the widest geographic broadcasting reach, but about a dozen privately-owned radio stations broadcast in major urban areas; the single television network is government-owned; relays of multiple international broadcasters are available (2007)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
.mw
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
870 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 167
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
716,400 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 109
Back to Top
Transportation ::Malawi
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
32 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 113
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 6
over 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 4 (2010)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 26
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 13
under 914 m: 12 (2010)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 797 km
country comparison to the world: 99
narrow gauge: 797 km 1.067-m gauge (2010)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 15,451 km
country comparison to the world: 120
paved: 6,956 km
unpaved: 8,495 km (2003)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
700 km (on Lake Nyasa [Lake Malawi] and Shire River) (2010)
country comparison to the world: 76
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Chipoka, Monkey Bay, Nkhata Bay, Nkhotakota, Chilumba
Back to Top
Military ::Malawi
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Malawi Defense Forces (MDF): Army (includes Air Wing, Naval Detachment) (2011)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
18 years of age for voluntary military service; standard obligation is 2 years of active duty and 5 years reserve service (2007)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
males age 16-49: 3,514,809 (2010 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
males age 16-49: 2,132,909
females age 16-49: 2,043,925 (2010 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
male: 183,683
female: 183,028 (2010 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.3% of GDP (2006)
country comparison to the world: 117
Back to Top
Transnational Issues ::Malawi
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
disputes with Tanzania over the boundary in Lake Nyasa (Lake Malawi) and the meandering Songwe River remain dormant
Back to Top
Expand All | collapse All
  The online Factbook is updated weekly. ISSN 1553-8133
For additional information on government leaders in selected foreign countries, go to World Leaders.